- Read and answer to the questions.
The United Kingdom
The United Kingdom is a large island located in Europe. It also includes part of the island of
Ireland. It is made up of four nations: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Over 60
million people live in the United Kingdom. The vast majority of the population, however, lives in
England. The government of the United Kingdom is considered a constitutional monarchy. A
constitutional monarchy is a government in which the monarch (king or queen) is head of state.
Queen Elizabeth II is the monarch of the United Kingdom. In reality, however, she exercises very
little political power.
The history of the United Kingdom is full of wars, invasions, revolutions, and
interesting rulers. Numerous castles, fortifications, old cathedrals, and ruins are evidence of the
kingdom’s past. The “UK,” as it is often called, was once the world’s most powerful nation.
Canada, Australia, India, Pakistan, and even the United States are among nations that used to be
controlled by the United Kingdom. It is also the birthplace of the English language. There are
many remarkable landmarks to see in the United Kingdom such as the Tower of London, Big Ben,
Oxford University and the mysterious Stonehenge. Oxford University, founded sometime in the
12th century, is the oldest university in the English speaking world. Many of the United Kingdom’s
former prime ministers attended Oxford. Stonehenge, located near Salisbury, England, is a group
of giant standing stones arranged in a circular formation. Archaeologists believe the formations
are over 4,500 years old. No one knows exactly what Stonehenge is meant to represent.
1.Answer the following questions. Choose the correct word.
1. What continent is the United Kingdom in?